Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 3 ( September, 2013 ) > List of Articles


Evaluation of Mirror Therapy for Upper Limb Rehabilitation in Stroke

Laisram Nonica, Muzaffar Tufail, RK Wadhwa, Borah Diganta, SY Kothari

Citation Information : Nonica L, Tufail M, Wadhwa R, Diganta B, Kothari S. Evaluation of Mirror Therapy for Upper Limb Rehabilitation in Stroke. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2013; 24 (3):63-69.

DOI: 10.5005/ijopmr-24-3-63

Published Online: 01-09-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; The Author(s).


Trials have shown modest clinical improvement in disabilities after stroke with the use of different techniques; however most of the treatment protocols for the paretic upper extremity are either expensive or labour intensive, which makes the provision of intensive treatment for many patients difficult. It has been suggested that mirror therapy is a simple, inexpensive and, most importantly patient-directed treatment that may improve upper extremity function.

A prospective randomised case control study was done on 60 patients of both the sexes in the age group of 19 to 82 years having stroke for the first time. This study was conducted in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of a tertiary care hospital. All the patients who fulfilled the criteria were enrolled for study; patients were randomly allotted to the study or control group. Study group was given mirror therapy in addition to the conventional stroke rehabilitation programme. Patients were assessed in terms of motor recovery (Brunnstrom stages), spasticity (modified Ashworth Scale), and the self-care items of the Barthel index. These indices were measured at 0 month (pretreatment), 1 month (post-treatment), and 6 months (follow-up).

There was a statistically significant difference in spasticity improvement between the study and control groups; however no significant difference was seen in motor recovery and self care items between the groups. The patients had significant improvements within the groups after the therapy for one month.

Mirror therapy can be a useful intervention supplement in rehabilitation of patients; it provides a simple and cost effective therapy for recovery of hand function.

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