Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 26 , ISSUE 3 ( September, 2015 ) > List of Articles


Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women and Its Correlation with Bone Mineral Density

C Zonunsanga, Hmingthanmawii, Minggam Pertin, Chongreilen Chiru, Romi Singh Nongmaithem, Yengkhom Jotin Singh

Citation Information : Zonunsanga C, H, Pertin M, Chiru C, Nongmaithem RS, Singh YJ. Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women and Its Correlation with Bone Mineral Density. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2015; 26 (3):58-64.

DOI: 10.5005/ijopmr-26-3-58

Published Online: 01-09-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; The Author(s).



To evaluate the quality of life in postmenopausal women and its correlation with bone mineral density.

Study design

Cross-sectional study.

Duration of the study

October 2012 to September 2014.


Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal.

Study population

Postmenopausal women who attended the department during the study period.

Materials and Methods

Quality of life was assessed using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, a validated brief version of the WHOQOL-100. Bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and trochanter were measured using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan – GE Lunar model.


A total of 125 patients were studied. The mean t-scores in lumbar spine, femoral neck and trochanter were -2.550 ± 1.209, -1.831 ± 0.921 and -1.621 ± 1.064 respectively. The mean BMD (g/cm2) in lumbar spine, femoral neck and trochanter were 0.867 ± 0.144, 0.789 ± 0.131 and 0.682 ± 0.139 respectively. The mean overall WHOQOL score was 57.68±10.07. There were statistically significant positive association of WHOQOL score with the BMDs in lumbar spine, femoral neck and trochanter (p < 0.05). Multivariate regression showed significant relation of overall WHOQOL score with BMD lumbar spine (b=0.229; R2=0.119), BMD femoral neck (b=0.285; R2=0.129), and BMD trochanter (b=0.245; R2=0.119).


BMDs in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and trochanter had a positive correlation with quality of life scores. BMD also had a good predictive value in determining the quality of life in postmenopausal women.

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