Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Register      Login

VOLUME 26 , ISSUE 3 ( September, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Evaluation of the Effects of Lumbosacral Corset on the Patients with Chronic Non-specific Low Back Pain

Md. Abdus Shakoor, Mohammad Tariqul Islam, Md. Muhibbur Rahman, Md. Shahidur Rahman, Md. Moyeenuzzaman

Citation Information : Shakoor MA, Islam MT, Rahman MM, Rahman MS, Moyeenuzzaman M. Evaluation of the Effects of Lumbosacral Corset on the Patients with Chronic Non-specific Low Back Pain. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2015; 26 (3):65-69.

DOI: 10.5005/ijopmr-26-3-65

Published Online: 00-09-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

A randomised clinical trial was conducted in the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PMR), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total of 81 patients having chronic LBP were included according to the selection criteria. Out of them, 31 (38.3%) were male and 50 (61.7 %) were female in a ratio of 1: 1.61. The mean age of the patients in study was 41.65 ± 8.41years. Female persons were affected in their earlier ages (between 30 and 45 years) than male. Most of the patients were housewives (54.3%). The patients were divided randomly into two groups by the way of lottery for the clinical trial. Group-A patients were treated with NSAIDs, activities of daily living instructions (ADLs) and lumbosacral corset and group-B patients were treated with NSAIDs and ADLs. The patients were followed up weekly for five weeks and significant improvement was recorded after the treatment in both the groups (p=0.001). In comparison between two groups, it was found that there was no significant improvement in pre-treatment, after 1st week and after 3rd week. A little bit improvement was found in group-A patients than group-B after 4th week (p= 0.06). But finally, there was significant improvement in group-A than group-B patients after 5th week (p=0.005). So, it may be concluded that both the treatment is effective for the patients with chronic non-specific LBP. But the patient may be more benefited if lumbosacral corset is used as an adjunct to NSAIDs.


PDF Share
  1. Arthritis and musculoskeletal disorders. In: Tierney Jr LM, McPhee SJ, Papadakis MA, editors. Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment. New York: McGraw –Hill, 2002;20:833-89.
  2. Low back pain. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Gabriel SE, Mcinnes IB, O’Dell JR, editors. Kelley's Text Book of Rheumatology. Philadelphia: Elsevier Inc, 2013;47:665.
  3. Diseases of the nervous system. In: Haslett C, Chilvers ER, Hunter JAA, Boon NA, editors. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1999;14:923- 1023.
  4. Lumber spinal moments in chronic back pain patients during supported lifting: a dynamic analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997;78:967-72.
  5. Back and neck pain. In: Braunwald E, Hauser SL, Fauci AS, Longo DL, Kasper DL, Jameson JL. editors. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. New York-London: McGraw-Hill, 2001;16:79-90.
  6. The painful back. In: McCarty DJ, Koopman WJ, editors. Arthritis and Allied Conditions. Philadelphia-London: Lea & Febiger, 1993;2:1583-600.
  7. A randomized trial of a cognitive behavioural program for enhancing back pain self care in a primary care setting. Pain 2000;88:145-153.
  8. Low back pain, education and debate. BMJ 1993;306:901-9.
  9. Back pain. In: Apley's System of Orthopaedics and Fractures. Arnold, A member of the Hodder Heading Group, London. Copublished in the USA by Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 2001;18:371-404.
  10. Management of Back Pain. 2nd ed. Edinburgh-Tokyo: Churchill Livingstone, 1993;2:13-27.
  11. A validated, practical classification procedure for many persistent low back pain patients. Pain 2000;87:89-97.
  12. Diseases of the connective tissues, joints and bones. In: Haslett C, Chivers ER, Hunter JAA, Boon NA. editors. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 1999;12:801-76.
  13. The effectiveness of Four interventions for the prevention of Low Back Pain. JAMA 1994;272:1286-91.
  14. Determinants of vocational disability in patients with low back pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1989;70:589-98.
  15. Low back pain. In: Ruddy S, Jr EDH, Sledge CB. editors. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. Philadelphia-London: WB Saunders, 2001;36:509-24.
  16. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic low back pain: sytematic review. BMJ 2001;322:1511-6.
  17. Physical therapy for low back pain. JMAJ 2004;47:234-9.
  18. Lumbar corsets: their effect on three-dimensional kinematics of the pelvis. J Rehabil Res Dev 2002;37:495-9.
  19. The case for nonpharmacologic therapy of osteoarthritis. In: Cronstein BN editor. Current Rheumatology report. Philadelphia: Current Science Inc, 2001;3:88-94.
  20. Evaluation of the effects of shortwave diathermy in patients with chronic low back pain. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2009;35:18-20.
  21. Low back pain – clinical analysis 342 cases. Bangladesh Med Coll J 1999;4:67-71.
  22. Lumbar corsets can decrease lumbar motion in golf swing. J Sports Sci Med 2013;12:80-7.
  23. Lumbar corsets: compliance and effectiveness for lower back pain. Hong Kong J Orthop Surg 2002;6:34-8.
  24. Nonsurgical management of osteoarthities, with an emphasis on nonpharmacologic measures. Arch Fam Med 1995;4:1057-64.
  25. Clinical review -diagnosis and treatment of sciatica. BMJ 2007; 334:1313-7.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.