Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 27 , ISSUE 2 ( June, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Lower Pole Release in Congenital Muscular Torticollis – Retrospective Analysis of Outcomes in 15 Cases

Ajay Gupta, S.Y Kothari

Citation Information : Gupta A, Kothari S. Lower Pole Release in Congenital Muscular Torticollis – Retrospective Analysis of Outcomes in 15 Cases. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2016; 27 (2):46-48.

DOI: 10.5005/ijopmr-27-2-46

Published Online: 00-06-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Congenital muscular torticollis is a common congenital problem. It is considered to be amenable to treatment which may be conservative or surgical. There are as yet no fixed guidelines as to the methodology or the timing of treatment. It is certainly advised to be prudent in selecting the appropriate treatment which should neither be too conservative nor over-invasive. We are reporting a series of 15 cases in which we did a unipolar release of the sternocleidomastoid muscle at the lower attachment. Retrospective analysis of 15 consecutive patients is done. During the postoperative period the parents were advised to regularly continue with the stretching exercises, focus on activities on the opposite side of the face and use a semi-rigid cervical collar, specially designed for active correction of these cases. We got very satisfactory postoperative results in most of our patients except one who had resistant deformity due to advanced age. In conclusion we would like to bring the focus back to unipolar release which is shifting unduly in favour of a bipolar release. This would also reduce the chances of the complication of accessory nerve injury. We have used the scoring system developed by Cheng et al and modifi ed by Shim in which the present cases showed improvement of 7 points with p-value of less than 0.0001


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