Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Register      Login

VOLUME 29 , ISSUE 2 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Demographic profile of Sports Injuries among Trainees of a Premier Training Institute of India

Mohit Kataruka, Mandeep Saini, Manas Pattnaik

Keywords : Physical training, Sports Injury.,Injury profile

Citation Information : Kataruka M, Saini M, Pattnaik M. Demographic profile of Sports Injuries among Trainees of a Premier Training Institute of India. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2018; 29 (2):43-46.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10066-0024

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Injuries are recognized as a leading health problem in professional physical training. Many of these involve physical damage caused by microtrauma (overuse) in recreation, sports, training, and job performance. These are commonly seen in Training institutes world over and are a cause of concern due to loss of precious training hours. This study was conducted at a hospital catering to a premier Training Institute in southern part of India where trainees undergo three years of vigorous physical training and suffer different musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of training-related musculoskeletal injuries and to classify different injuries. Materials and methods: This retrospective case–control study was conducted at the hospital catering to a premier Training Institute of India, from January to December 2017. All the trainees who reported sick with musculoskeletal problems were included in the study depending on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Injury profile of the trainees was studied based on the type of activity being performed and the mode of injury. All the trainees were examined by the PMR specialist and definitive treatment was prescribed depending on type and extent of injury. Results: A total of 677 male trainees between the age group of 17 and 21 years were included. Most of the injuries occurred during the early phase of training. Most common injury among trainees are knee contusion (16.23%) followed by low backache (11.67%). Percentage of stress fracture is 14%, and mostly seen in 2nd term trainees. The incidence of upper extremity injury compared with lower extremity is 11.85%. Inflammation and pain (overuse) were the largest injury type category, including 80.03% of all injuries. Conclusion: Considering the magnitude of training injuries in physical training, there is a need for substantial study in the areas of surveillance, prevention, and treatment of the training or sports related injuries.


PDF Share
  1. Rosendal L, Langberg H, Skov-Jensen A, Kjaer M. Incidence of injury and physical performance adaptations during military training. Clin J Sport Med 2003 May;13(3):157-163.
  2. Harwood GE, Rayson MP, Nevill AM. Fitness, performance, and risk of injury in British Army officer cadets. Mil Med 1999 Jun;164(6):428-434.
  3. Marcinik EJ, Hodgdon JA, Mittleman K, O'Brien JJ. Aerobic/ calisthenic and aerobic/circuit weight training programs for Navy men: a comparative study. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1985 Aug;17(4):482-487.
  4. Williams AG, Rayson MP, Jones DA. Effects of basic training on material handling ability and physical fitness of British Army recruits. Ergonomics 1999 Aug;42(8):1114-1124.
  5. Woodhead AB 3rd, Moynihan ME. The effect of Aviation Officer Candidate's School on aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Mil Med 1994 Feb;159(2):118-120.
  6. Kenton R. Kaufman, Stephanie Brodine, MD, Richard Shaffer, PhD, Physical training-Related Injuries Surveillance, Research, and Prevention, Am J Prev Med 2000;18(3S).
  7. Hoffman JR, Chapnik L, Shamis A, Givon U, Davidson B. The effect of leg strength on the incidence of lower extremity overuse injuries during Military Training. Mil Med 1999 Feb;164(2):153-156.
  8. Kelth G. Hauret, Bruce H. Jones, Steven H. Bullock, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Sara Canada. Musculoskeletal injuries description of an under-recognized injury problem among military personnel. Am J Prev Med 2010 Jan;38(1 Suppl) S61-S70.
  9. Mitchell J. Rauh1, Caroline A. Macera, Daniel W. Trone, Richard A. Shaffer and Stephanie K. Brodine. Epidemiology of stress fracture and lower-extremity overuse injury in female recruits. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2006 Sep;38(9):1571-1577.
  10. Bullock SH, Jones BH, Gilchrist J, Marshall SW. Prevention of physical training-related injuries recommendations for the military and other active populations based on expedited systematic reviews. Am J Prev Med 2010 Jan;38(1 Suppl): S156-S181.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.