Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 29 , ISSUE 2 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in an Urban North Indian School: A Cross-sectional Study

Deepak Kumar, Virinder S Gogia

Keywords : Body mass index, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, North India, Obesity, Overweight, Schoolchildren, Waist–hip ratio.,Adolescent

Citation Information : Kumar D, Gogia VS. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in an Urban North Indian School: A Cross-sectional Study. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2018; 29 (2):47-52.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10066-0025

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Obesity and overweight have grown into a worldwide epidemic. Adolescents with overweight or obesity grow into obese adults. Hence, there is an urgent need to examine adolescents for obesity and overweight across countries and identify predisposing factors to check the menace of lifestyle diseases in adulthood. Aims and objectives: In the present study, we have investigated the prevalence of obesity and overweight and their association with risk factors like gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, eating habits like junk food, and family history of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and obesity. Materials and methods: The study was carried out in a local public school in Chandigarh. Seventy-five school-going children of standard VIII to X were questioned and physically examined. Eating habits and lifestyle factors were enquired into, using a questionnaire and physical examination. Obesity and overweight were considered using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA (CDC, USA) Gender-specific BMI-for-Age charts. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence of overweight was found to be significantly correlated to female gender. Adolescent overweight and obese states were found to be significantly correlated with positive family history of lifestyle diseases. Conclusion: Our study suggests that the children at risk be identified early and encouraged to adopt healthy lifestyle practices. India needs to develop standard BMI cut-off percentile charts for underweight/healthy weight/overweight/obese for Indian children and adolescents.


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