Spondylocostal dysostosis is a term given to a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by abnormal vertebral segmentation, mal alignment of ribs with variable points of intercostal fusion, and often a reduction in rib number. Sprengel deformity is characterized by abnormal development and elevation of scapula.
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Balaji S, Indu SV, et al. Spondylocostal Dysostosis with Sprengel Deformity: A Rare Association. Int J Pediatr Res 2014;1(2):54–57. DOI: 10.17511/ijpr.2014.02.05.
Kulkarni M, Sarfaraz Navaz R, et al. Jarcho-Levin syndrome. Indian J Pediatr 2006;73(3):245–247. DOI: 10.1007/bf02825493.