Citation Information :
Rajendran AJ, Jobson MC, Johnson JA, Solomon C, Vijayashree N, Jason A. Work-related Depression, Anxiety, and Stress among Information Technology Employees. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2020; 31 (3):57-62.
Background: Stress, depression, and anxiety range between 10% and 12% of mental disorders. Despite this, mental health in India is heavily stigmatized and not frequently discussed. Work-related stress plays a big part in either causing or exacerbating mental health illnesses which in turn affects the complete well-being.
Aims and objectives: The study aims to assess depression, anxiety, and stress levels among information technology (IT) employees.
Materials and methods: An institution-based cross-sectional design was conducted among IT employees. A standardized psychological screening tool—Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 21 (DASS-21) was used. The data were analyzed for central tendencies as well as for any associations and correlations.
Results: The study showed that around 54% of the workers had a positive score for anxiety and 18% of the workers had a positive score for stress and depression on the DASS-21 scale. The association between gender was statistically not significant whereas the association between age group with stress and overall DAS (depression, anxiety, stress) was statistically significant.
Conclusion: The study found a prevalence rate of around 18–54% of depression, anxiety, and stress among the IT employees.
Geneva: 2010. [Last cited on 2010 Sept]. WHO Statistics, India, World Health Organisation.
Ganguli HC. Epidemiological finding on prevalence of mental disorders in India. Indian J Psychiatry 2000;42(1):14.
Mishra B, Mehta S, Sinha ND, et al. Evaluation of workplace stress in health university workers: A study from rural India. Indian J Community Med 2011;36(1):39–44. DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.80792.
Demyttenaere K, Bruffaerts R, Posada-Villa J, et al. WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium. Prevalence, severity, and unmet need fortreatment of mental disorders in the World Health Organization world mental health surveys. JAMA 2004;291(21):2581–2590. DOI: 10.1001/jama.291.21.2581.
Mirza I, Jenkins R. Risk factors, prevalence, and treatment of anxietyand depressive disorders in Pakistan: systematic review. BMJ 2004;328(7443):794. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.328.7443.794.
Murthy RS, Haden A, Campanini B, ed. Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. Geneva: World Health Report; 2001. p. 9.
Wittchen HU, Jacobi F, Rehm J, et al. The size and burden of mental disorders and other disorders of the brain in Europe 2010. Eur Neuropsychopharma 2011;21(9):655–679. DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2011.07.018.
Baxter AJ, Vos T, Scott KM, et al. The regional distribution ofanxiety disorders: implications for the global burden of disease study. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 2014;23(4):422–438. DOI: 10.1002/mpr.1444.
Usman A, Ahmed Z, Ahmed I, et al. Work stress experienced bythe teaching staff of university of the Punjab, Pakistan: antecedentsand consequences. Int J Bus Soc Sci 2011;2(8):202–210.
Mukosolu O, Ibrahim F, Rampal L, et al. Prevalence of job stressand its associated factors among Universiti Putra Malaysia staff. Malays J Med Health Sci 2015;11(1):27–38.
Mental Health Foundation, UK: Economic burden of Mental Health Illness cannot be tackled without Research Investment. [Last cited on 2010 Nov]. [Internet]
Murray CJ, Lopez AD. The Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assessment of Mortality and Disability From Deceases, Injuries and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected To 2010. Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University Press; 1996. vol. 1. pp. 1–35.
Park SG, Min KB, Chang SJ, et al. Job stress and depressivesymptoms among Korean employees: the effects of culture on work. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2009;82(3):397–405. DOI: 10.1007/s00420-008-0347-8.
Hsu HC. Age differences in work stress, exhaustion, well-being, and related factors from an ecological perspective. Int J Environ Res Pub Health 2018;16(1):50. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16010050.
Albert PR. Why is depression more prevalent in women? J Psychia Neurosci 2015;40(4):219–221. DOI: 10.1503/jpn.150205.