Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 31 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

A Review on the Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Cerebral Palsy

Surajit Bhattacharjee

Keywords : Antioxidants, Cerebral palsy, Diagnosis, Paralysis, Therapy

Citation Information : Bhattacharjee S. A Review on the Types, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Cerebral Palsy. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2020; 31 (4):96-100.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10066-0088

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-12-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the principal cause of disability in children. It is a neuromuscular disease that occurs due to the lesion in the infant\'s cerebral motor cortex that is acquired before, at, or within 5 years of birth. Aim and objective: The purpose of this review is to inform the persons who are working on rehabilitation services, doctors, and well-wishers of disabled children to reduce their problems by diagnosing the type of CP and by using suitable bioactive molecules, antioxidants, chemicals, and different therapies. Materials and methods: Eligible articles of various journals which are obtained from the Internet were studied very carefully to establish the results of types, risk factors, diagnosis, and the management of CP. Results: Total 76 reviews or research-based journal articles were reviewed. Among them, 28 were correlated with diagnosis, 7 were related with risk factors, 6 were associated with diagnosis, 20 were linked with the prevention, and the rest 15 articles were connected with the introductory part of CP. Conclusion: The findings of this article emphasize describing the types, risk factors, types, correct diagnosis methods, and treatment processes of CP.


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