Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Register      Login

VOLUME 29 , ISSUE 2 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles


Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in an Urban North Indian School: A Cross-sectional Study

Virinder S Gogia

Keywords : Adolescent, Body mass index, Cardiovascular disease, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, North India, Obesity, Overweight, Schoolchildren, Waist–hip ratio.

Citation Information : Gogia VS. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescents in an Urban North Indian School: A Cross-sectional Study. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2018; 29 (2):47-52.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10066-0025

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Introduction: Obesity and overweight have grown into a worldwide epidemic. Adolescents with overweight or obesity grow into obese adults. Hence, there is an urgent need to examine adolescents for obesity and overweight across countries and identify predisposing factors to check the menace of lifestyle diseases in adulthood. Aims and objectives: In the present study, we have investigated the prevalence of obesity and overweight and their association with risk factors like gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, eating habits like junk food, and family history of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and obesity. Materials and methods: The study was carried out in a local public school in Chandigarh. Seventy-five school-going children of standard VIII to X were questioned and physically examined. Eating habits and lifestyle factors were enquired into, using a questionnaire and physical examination. Obesity and overweight were considered using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA (CDC, USA) Gender-specific BMI-for-Age charts. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence of overweight was found to be significantly correlated to female gender. Adolescent overweight and obese states were found to be significantly correlated with positive family history of lifestyle diseases. Conclusion: Our study suggests that the children at risk be identified early and encouraged to adopt healthy lifestyle practices. India needs to develop standard BMI cut-off percentile charts for underweight/healthy weight/overweight/obese for Indian children and adolescents.

PDF Share
  1. Pollack A. AMA. Recognizes Obesity as a Disease. The New York Times [Internet]. 2013 Jun 18 [cited 2018 Jun 9]; Available from: ama-recognizes-obesity-as-a-disease.html.
  2. Clarke WR, Woolson RF, Lauer RM. Changes in ponderosity and blood pressure in childhood: the Muscatine Study. Am J Epidemiol 1986 Aug;124(2):195-206.
  3. Freedman DS, Dietz WH, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS. The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics 1999 Jun;103(6 Pt 1):1175-1182.
  4. About Child & Teen BMI | Healthy Weight | CDC [Internet]. [cited 2018 Jun 7]. Available from: healthyweight/assessing/bmi/childrens_bmi/about_childrens_ bmi.html.
  5. Mo-suwan L, Junjana C, Puetpaiboon A. Increasing obesity in school children in a transitional society and the effect of the weight control program. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1993 Sep;24(3):590-594.
  6. Troiano RP, Flegal KM, Kuczmarski RJ, Campbell SM, Johnson CL. Overweight prevalence and trends for children and adolescents. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1963 to 1991. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1995 Oct;149(10):1085-1091.
  7. Wabitsch M, Kunze D, Keller E, Kiess W, Kromeyer-Hauschild K. Ever more children and adolescents are overweight. How can the obesity epidemic be stopped? MMW Fortschr Med 2002 Sep 19;144(38):30-34.
  8. Wang Y, Wang JQ. A comparison of international references for the assessment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity in different populations. Eur J Clin Nutr 2002 Oct;56(10):973-982.
  9. Chatterjee P. India sees parallel rise in malnutrition and obesity. Lancet Lond Engl 2002 Dec 14;360(9349):1948.
  10. Baur LA. Child and adolescent obesity in the 21st century: an Australian perspective. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2002;11 (Suppl 3:) S524-S528.
  11. Wang Y, Monteiro C, Popkin BM. Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia. Am J Clin Nutr 2002 Jun;75(6): 971-977.
  12. Transitions to adulthood: a national survey of Egyptian adolescents. | [Internet]. [cited 2018 Jun 7]. Available from:
  13. Deurenberg P, Yap M, van Staveren WA. Body mass index and percent body fat: a meta analysis among different ethnic groups. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1998 Dec;22(12):1164-1171.
  14. Callahan ST, Mansfield MJ. Type 2 diabetes mellitus in adolescents. Curr Opin Pediatr 2000 Aug;12(4):310-315.
  15. Anand NK, Tandon L. Prevalence of hypertension in schoolgoing children. Indian Pediatr 1996 May;33(5):377-381.
  16. Verma M, Chhatwal J, George SM. Obesity and hypertension in children. Indian Pediatr 1994 Sep;31(9):1065-1069.
  17. Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Vinitha R, Thayyil M, Kumar CK, Sheeba L, Joseph S, Vijay V. Prevalence of overweight in urban Indian adolescent school children. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2002 Sep;57(3):185-190.
  18. Serdula MK, Ivery D, Coates RJ, Freedman DS, Williamson DF, Byers T. Do obese children become obese adults? A review of the literature. Prev Med 1993 Mar;22(2):167-177.
  19. Pi-Sunyer FX. Health implications of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 1991;53(6 Suppl):1595S-1603S.
  20. Popkin BM, Udry JR. Adolescent obesity increases significantly in second and third generation U.S. immigrants: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. J Nutr 1998 Apr;128(4):701-706.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.