Indian Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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VOLUME 31 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2020 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Deependra K Rai, Sanjay Kumar Pandey

Keywords : Breathing exercise, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Pulmonary rehabilitation

Citation Information : Rai DK, Pandey SK. Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Indian J Phy Med Rehab 2020; 31 (1):14-18.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10066-0067

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 24-11-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is defined as a common, preventable, and treatable disease that is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation that is due to airway and/or alveolar abnormalities usually caused by significant exposure to noxious particles or gases. Pulmonary rehabilitation is an essential component in management of COPD, which improves dyspnea, fatigue, and betters the quality of life. Materials and methods: A literature review was performed using different database with search words COPD, pulmonary rehabilitation and it combination. Results and conclusion: Pulmonary rehabilitation is not only beneficial in severe disease COPD rather it should be administered to mild cases of COPD also. Patients should be referred to pulmonary rehabilitation early during the course of the disease in order to minimize the consequences of COPD. Rehabilitation start with thorough assessment of the patient followed by individualized therapy, which includes not only exercise but also education, nutritional advice, and psychological therapy.


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